Information about family reunification in Germany

In the process of family reunification in Germany, the type of residence you have plays a decisive role. And the first important question, what type of residence do you have? Is the person with the residence permit allowed for family reunification according to German law? Let’s find out all the details. Family reunification in Germany is bringing first-degree, second-degree, and sometimes third-degree relatives to Germany to live together in one place.

Types of residence in Germany

The first step and before starting anything, a person residing in Germany must have a residence permit that allows him to conduct a reunification, so we will briefly divide the types of residence in Germany so that you know whether you are allowed to reunite your family or not.
  • Residence permit for three years.
  • Asylum stay for one year.
  • Asylum stay for two years only.
  • Permanent residence, renewed every 5 years if the person works and has an open work contract.
  • Establishment of a fixed-term work according to the work contract.
  • blue card.
  • Residence for family reunification, for people who came to Germany through family reunification.
  • The foreigner is granted a residence permit if he admits that he deserves asylum, and here the refugee takes 3 years.
  • The foreigner is granted a residence permit if there is a ban on deportation , and here it takes six months, a year or two years.

Types of applications for family unification in Germany

German law is based on dividing the degrees of kinship and relationship between persons who have obtained a residence permit in Germany, and the persons to be reunited from outside Germany, and the degrees are divided as follows:
  • Family reunification of the husband – wife – children.
  • Second-degree family reunification means father – mother – brother – sister.
  • Third-degree family unification, meaning uncle – aunt – father-in-law, son/daughter of a brother or sister.

Or not. Wife reunification in Germany

The German Residency Law gives the legal right to reunite the wife or husband in Germany for people who have a work permit, permanent residence, blue card residence, asylum residence for 3 years, or subsidiary protection residence for a period of one or two years, but under conditions determined by the German Immigration Department as well as the Ministry of Immigration. German Foreign Affairs. Please follow the following for a successful application for wife unification in Germany:
  1. Book an appointment to submit an application for family unification.
  2. Book an appointment for each child individually.
  3. Prepare all necessary documents for visa application.
  4. Make a commitment to come on time for the interview with all documents.
  5. The application can only be submitted in person.
  6. This also applies to minor children.
When is wife unification in Germany not possible?
  • Family unification of more than one wife is not possible even under force majeure circumstances. Article 30 paragraph 4 of the German Residence Act excludes family reunification for this purpose.
  • Family reunification is also not possible as long as the asylum procedure in Germany is incomplete .
  • Also, refugees in Germany who only have a document with a temporary suspension of deportation or a Duldung can obtain family reunification.

secondly. Fiancée’s reunion in Germany

Steps to reunite the fiancée in Germany :
  1. Go to the municipal department in your city and apply for an eheschließung application,
  2. Go to the answering department in your city and apply for family unification for the purpose of getting married in Germany.
  3. Book an appointment at the German embassy for the person wishing to come to Germany.

Documents required for the fiancée’s reunion

To reunite the fiancée, you need to submit the following documents at the German embassy:
  • eheschließung antrag paper.
  • A visa application form from the Aliens Department.
  • passport.
  • Proof of income in Germany.
  • Proof of residence through the ANMELDUNG sheet.
  • Certificate of proficiency in the German language level A1.
  • Reservation confirmation letter from the embassy regarding the appointment.
  • Visa applications for all family members.
  • Extraction of a family record in the event that one of the parties was previously married.
  • Birth certificates for a person wishing to come to Germany.
  • A copy of the German residence permit.
  • Other papers may be requested, please look at the embassy’s website.

Third. Conditions for family reunification for refugees in Germany

A refugee who has been granted asylum in Germany must first claim that he is married and receive the so-called Fristwahrende Anzeige Familiennachzug. The application for a grace period can be submitted within the first three months from the date of receiving the asylum decision. The request can be submitted from here to maintain the lead time.
  1. Refugees in Germany who have been granted asylum recognition for a period of three years or more can apply for family reunification at a German embassy.
  2. Reunification in Germany for people who have obtained a political asylum permit.
  3. Refugees in Germany who have obtained a temporary protection order are allowed to apply for family unification after the decision was issued in 2018.
  4. Minor children who have obtained an asylum residence permit in Germany or a subsidiary residence permit.
  5. Workers in Germany who have a temporary or open work permit, or who hold a blue card, known as the Blue Card.
  6. Persons holding permanent residence in Germany.
  7. Students may apply for family reunification under certain circumstances.
Read also: German political terms | German political texts and vocabulary After that, an appointment must be booked for each person who wants to be reunited outside Germany at the German embassy in the country in which he or she resides, or in which the family as a whole resides, or at the nearest German embassy in the country closest to him/them.

Fourthly. Conditions for family reunification through sponsorship

  •  The person must provide proof that he has housing and the financial ability to support the partner to reside in Germany.
  •  The two partners must have been married before the first partner obtained a residence permit to study in Germany.
  •  The next partner to reside in Germany with his partner should master the German language or have advanced stages in the German language level.
  •  In the event that the marriage of a person residing in Germany took place after traveling to Germany, a request for family reunification can be submitted for the partner residing outside Germany, but the one who works or studies must hold a residency in Germany valid for extension, and that two years have passed since he spent in Germany in order to be able to from submitting an application for family reunification.

v. Subsidiary protection reunification in Germany

The reunification of refugees granted subsidiary protection in Germany is available for more than 1,000 people per month for humanitarian reasons, according to the following cases:
  • A refugee in Germany wants to reunite his partner and his single minor children.
  • A minor child in Germany wants to reunite his parents and minor siblings from outside Germany.
Family members of people who are granted subsidiary protection in Germany will be able to apply for a visa for family reunification with them. Accordingly, family members wishing to apply for a visa for family unification must register via the following link, where the interview dates will be sent to them later. Press here.
Note:  The International Organization for Migration (IOM) will contact the persons who have registered for an appointment. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is the United Nations migration organization within the framework of the Family Assistance Program (FAB).
In the event that you are not sure of the validity of the submitted registration request, or if you change the contact numbers (phone number or email), please contact IOM at the following address:
IOM ISTANBUL FAP Office Bestekar Şevki Bey Sokak No: 9, Balmumcu, Beşiktaş/Istanbul +90 2124010250 Email: [email protected]

Sixthly. Father and mother reunited in Germany

Applications for second-degree family unification in Germany can be submitted to the father or mother who is over 18 years old , or to the brother or sister as well, but under certain conditions and circumstances that can be viewed on the website of the embassy in which you wish to apply for a visa. Likewise, the procedures will not differ from the previous types of family reunification visa. If you want to reunite your father or mother to Germany, you must do the same procedures for the reunification of your husband or wife according to the following:
  • Book an appointment to submit an application for family unification.
  • Book an appointment for each person individually.
  • Prepare all necessary documents for visa application.
  • Make a commitment to come on time for the interview with all documents.
  • The application can only be submitted in person by the father or mother.

How long does it take to be reunited in Germany

The period for obtaining approval of a request for family unification in Germany is 3-6 months, starting from the date of completion of the application at the German embassy. The application may take longer than that, depending on the pressure on the German embassy.

Important steps to register for reunification

To apply for family unification in Germany, you must follow the following steps
  • First Step: Appointment Reservation: Reserving an appointment to submit an application for family unification for all family members
  • Second Step : Document Preparation: Prepare all the necessary documents for the visa application without missing anything, the most important of which is proof of identity, nationality and the form.
  • Third Step: Go to the Embassy: You must go to the time specified for you at the German Embassy at the same place and time, and the application can only be submitted in person.
  • Fourth Step: Reunification Interview: You must prepare well for the reunification interview at the embassy and answer all questions.
  • Fifth Step: Submitting the application and the result: In this step and after completing the visa application in Germany, you must wait for the embassy’s decision, usually from one to 6 months, you will get an answer.
  • Sixth Step: Travel to Germany: After obtaining acceptance of the visa for family reunification at the German embassy, ​​you can get your visa stamped on the passport and then book the outbound flight and travel.

Documents required for family unification in Germany

The documents required for a German reunification visa must be submitted at the German embassy
  • Reservation confirmation letter from the embassy regarding the appointment.
  • A copy of the time limit request “fristwahrende Anzeige”.
  • Visa applications for all family members.
  • Take out a family record.
  • Birth certificates for all family members.
  • A marriage document represented by the marriage contract or the marriage statement
  • A copy of the German residence permit.
  • A copy of the BAMF’s decision on the family file.
  • A copy of the rental contract or proof of the current address of the person residing in Germany
  • A copy of the identity card and the German passport for asylum if the refugee obtained it in Germany.
Some of these documents must be attested by the German embassy, ​​such as the registration release and birth certificates, as well as the marriage document. Ie must be validated. The legalization process can take place during the appointment at the embassy. The embassy may request more documents. For more information, you can review the website of the embassy where the family appointment was booked.
In the event that the Syrians are not included in a German embassy other than the German embassy in Beirut, the previous documents must be attested at the German embassy in Beirut first.

The cost of family reunification in Germany

After taking an appointment at the German embassy, ​​applications are filled out by applying for a visa, and a fee is paid in the currency of the country in which the embassy is located, equivalent to 60 euros for those over the age of 18 and 30 euros for those under the age of 18.

What are the reasons for refusing family reunification?

The following reasons can lead to the rejection of the German visa application , by the German embassy in which you applied, according to the following cases.
  1. Falsification of documents submitted in the foreigners’ office
  2. Falsification of documents submitted at the German embassy
  3. Counting the validity and conformity of the speech between the person in Germany and the person outside Germany
  4. Shaky and inconsistent answers cause squabbling
  5. age fraud
  6. Unfamiliarity with the German language may be a reason for rejecting the application for family reunification
  7. The presence of criminal offenses or offenses related to terrorism
  8. Submission of incomplete documents or lack of application files
  9. Non-commitment to attend the appointments reserved in the embassies.
  There are other reasons for the embassy or the foreigners’ office in Germany.  

After obtaining a reunification visa

After obtaining a refugee reunification visa, after the arrival of the family or persons who have been reunited to Germany, they must go to the foreigners’ office in the city in which they live to register there. There may be pressure on this office, so you may immediately get an appointment. This step is important to register new people in Germany and obtain proof of residential address. In the event that a refugee in Germany does not have a job, he can also go to the Job Center to register people coming to Germany after their arrival in order to obtain financial aid that helps the family as a whole to live. Read also: Language study visa in Germany and the most important German language institutes

Notes

  • Make a commitment to come on time for the interview with all documents. An application for family unification in Germany can only be submitted in person. This also applies to minor children.
  • Family unification of more than one wife is not possible even under force majeure circumstances. Article 30 paragraph 4 of the German Residence Act excludes family reunification for this purpose.
  • Reunification in Germany is also not possible as long as the asylum procedure in Germany is incomplete.
  • Also, refugees in Germany who only have a temporary suspension of deportation document cannot obtain family reunification.

Things to watch out for

  •  All papers must be translated from Arabic into German by a translation office, provided that it is an office approved by the German Embassy, ​​notarized and approved by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the German Embassy.
  • It is required that the applicant for a German reunification visa appear in person.
  • The decision on the visa application may take several weeks or months, after obtaining approval from the Department of Foreigners Affairs, so the embassy does not interfere in the decision of the Foreigners Affairs Department, provided that the applicant is notified of the rejection or approval immediately after its issuance.

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